The Cornish Pasty
Also known as Pelmeni, Pierogi or Perogi or Pyrogy, Koldunai, Kreplah, Manti.
A small Russian boiled pasty ..... in effect, a dumpling - not always pasty-shaped
Retrieved from Wikipedia - Pelmeni
Pelmeni (пельмени in Russian, singular pel'men`, пельмень; пяльмені in Belarusian; pilmän(när)/пилмән(нәр) in Tatar language) are a national Eastern European (mainly Russian) dish - usually made with minced meat filling, wrapped in thin dough (made out of flour and eggs, sometimes with milk or water added). Pork, lamb, beef or any other kind of meat can be used as a filling and mixing several kinds is popular. The traditional Ural recipe requires 55% of beef, 45% of pork to make the filling. Often various spices, such as pepper and onions are mixed into the filling.
Pelmeni are usually stored frozen and prepared immediately before eating by boiling in water until they float, and then 2-5 minutes more. The resulting dish is served with butter and/or sour cream (mustard, horseradish, tomato sauce, and vinegar are popular as well). Some recipes suggest frying pelmeni after boiling until they turn golden brown.
Regional differences exist in the making of pelmeni. In the Urals they are always boiled in water, while in Siberia they are boiled in meat broth.
Pelmeni belong to the family of dumplings. They are closely related to Polish pierogi and vareniki - a Ukrainian variety of dumplings with a filling made of mashed potatoes or cottage cheese. They are also similar to Chinese potstickers. The main difference between pelmeni and other kinds of dumplings is in their shape and size - typical pelmen' is roughly spherical and is about 2 to 3 cm in diameter, whereas most other types of dumplings are usually elongated and much larger.
Packed frozen pelmeni can be found everywhere Russian communities exist. Such pelmeni are made in industrial machinery, much of which is made by Italian companies such as Arienti & Cattaneo, Ima, Ostoni, Zamboni, etc.. These pelmeni usually weigh around 15 grams each but they look like a bigger tortelloni, that is why for industrial production Italian pasta machines are commonly used.
In United States, the term 'Pierogi' or 'Perogi' is often used to describe all kinds of Eastern European dumplings, regardless of the shape, size or filling.
The origin of pelmeni is not clear, and many versions exist. The most widely accepted one is that they were discovered in the Urals by Russian explorers and pioneers, who found that a similar dish (called pelnyan - literally "bread ear" in the native language), which consisted of pieces of meat wrapped in very thin bread, was being used by the native people of the region. Consequently, farther west in Poland, pelmeni are called "uszka," which also means ears. Another theory is that pelmeni were invented by hunters, who were looking for light, easy-to-prepare and nourishing food to take with them on long hunting trips (besides, pelmeni can be kept frozen for very long periods of time without any loss of quality or flavor, and the water they are boiled in makes a pretty good soup). Yet another theory suggests that pelmeni originated in northwestern China (thus explaining the use of spices such as pepper, which are non-native in Russia and had to be imported). In any case, pelmeni are documented to have already existed in central Russia by 16th century.
Nutritional properties of pelmeni vary depending on a number of factors, including contents of the filling and thickness of the dough. Typical industrially-produced beef/pork pelmeni contain 12 g of protein, 13 g of fat, 22 g of carbohydrates, and 250 calories per 100 g of frozen product. Chicken pelmeni can have as little as 2 g of fat per 100 g.
Source: Pelmeni Pasta Products
Reproduced with kind permission
Australian supplier: Pelmeni Pasta Products - Elsternwick, Victoria, Australia
Pelmeni is a traditional Russian food, which is now enjoyed by millions around the world. In different countries Pelmeni is also known under other names such as Vareniki (dumplings with vegetarian filling), Pierogi or Perogi or Pyrogy, Koldunai, Kreplah, Manti.
Siberian pelmeni: This is the most traditional Pelmeni. The filling consists of beef and pork tender meat, onion, salt and pepper.
Moskowskie pelmeni: This Pelmeni is for people who prefer 100% Australian beef. The filling consists of 100% beef, onion, garlic, salt and pepper.
There are also Chicken, and Cheese & Spinach pelmeni. Also: they supply Vareniki
You can check their products on this page: http://www.pelmeni.com.au/products.html
Cheese and Spinach Pelmeni
Potato and Onion Vareniki
Sour Cherry Vareniki
Cottage Cheese Vareniki
Acknowledgement - Text from Pelmeni Pasta Products with permission
A Lithuanian source of Koldunai:
- now seemingly unlinkable
Source: http://www.mamapica.lt/lt/catalog/list/?id=34 - now unlinkable
If anyone can assist in contacting this Lithuanian web site, in Lithuanian, I would be grateful (KR)
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article - Pelemi
- with additional photos from cited sources and with acknowledgements at page bottom
Acknowledgements: Many thanks to Sam Rozenberg, Pelmeni Pasta Products - Elsternwick, Victoria, Australia for permission to use material from their company web site